The Larnaca Port and Marina development project is back on track!

 
The Larnaca Port and Marina development project is now thankfully back on track following  news that a company involved repealed an appeal to the Tender Review Authority, concerning its exclusion to the tender procedures.

It was on the 30th June that the company in question namely ERA CONSORTIUM appealed the decision of why it was excluded from the tender procedure for the “Development of the Larnaca Port and Marina area”.

The Tender Review Authority subsequently issued what was termed as “Interim Measures” that consequently delayed the signing of the contract for the development project.

The lawyers of ERA CONSORTIUM informed the Tender Review Authority on the 9th of August, that their clients wished to withdraw their appeal.

The Tender Review Authority has subsequently dismissed the appeal, once again opening the way for the development of the Larnaca port and marina.

ERA CONSORTIUM submitted its appeal to the Tender Review Authority after it was informed by the Transport Ministry that its submitted expression of interest regarding the project did not meet the selection criteria and was therefore at the time excluded from further procedures.

400+ parking spaces added at Larnaca Airport

 

More than 400 new parking spaces have been added at the Larnaca Airport in order to cover the large demand amid record flight numbers and passenger traffic at Cyprus airports.

According to an Hermes Airports announcement, the addition is to better serve the public.
The 400 plus parking spaces are located to the left of the road leading to arrivals and departures at the airport.

May 2017 launch for the Luxury Castle project in Mackenzie Beach

A huge seafood restaurant, the first phase of the luxury ‘Castle Project’ at Larnaca’s Mackenzie beach is expected to be completed in May. DONE

The undertaking by Lebanese millionaire Antoine Saniour includes a luxury hotel with nearly 500 beds and 13 floors, a beach bar and a jacuzzi for 100 people while water sports and around 800 sunbeds and umbrellas will be on offer on the beach.

In the sea a small island in the shape of Cyprus will be constructed which is going to be connected to the beach by a path if the license for that is issued. The sunbeds and umbrellas on the island will be available to the public.

“This is an investment that is not similar to anything in Cyprus. It is a unique development for Cyprus,” a member of the investor’s company told daily Politis.

The first phase includes the beach facilities and the restaurant which is going to have three floors and will have the capacity to serve 2,000 customers. The newspaper reported that the cost for this part of the project is around €7 million while building the hotel is estimated to cost €23 million.

The construction of the five-star hotel is scheduled to begin in 2018 and finish by 2021 if all goes according to plan.

Part of the new complex will be where the Ku De Ta restaurant and the old Castle hotel used to be, on land that has already been purchased by the Lebanese investor. The hotel on the other side of Tassos Mitsopoulos avenue will be connected to the restaurant with a bridge.

According to Politis construction has already began because the developer is confident that a building permit is going to be granted in the coming weeks.

Saniour’s company has run the luxury Rise hotel located in the centre of Larnaca since 2009. The three-star hotel is 100 metres from the Finikoudes promenade.

The Chronological History of Cyprus, according to former Deputy Mayor of Larnaca and local Historian, Alexis Michaelides

 

Larnaca is a town with 4000 years of urban life, but it is also a place inhabited by man for the last 12,000 years. It seems that throughout History overseas influences controlled Larnaca and Cyprus as a whole, for which the cultural changes were often wide-ranging.

The importance of Larnaca as a town changed throughout the ages, peaking during the Venetian period, when it was considered the most important city in Cyprus. Still today Cyprus is twinned with Venice!

While today Cyprus is considered to be a Republic, the reality is that overseas influence in laws, finance, policy, banking and almost everything else is dictated by the EU.

Many thanks to former Deputy Mayor of Larnaca and local Historian, Alexis Michaelides, for providing this information and we trust this puts the Histpry of our great town into perspective.

Pre - Neolithic
10,000 - 8,200 B.C.
There are only a few places in Cyprus that can prove human life during this period. One of them, is at a site on the river Tremithos near the village of Agia Anna, just a few kilometers from Larnaca. This is the first period of human inhabitance on the Island. The local primitives liked to hunt and eat and among other animals, the pigmy elephants and hippopotamus of Cyprus, which became extinct in this period. Bones of these rare local species can be seen at the Paleontology Museum of the town at Europe Square.

Neolithic
8,200 - 3,900 B.C.
The most well known Neolithic life on the island developed along the sides of Maroni and Vasilopotamos rivers about 25 kilometers west of Larnaca. Chirokitia is considered to be the first urban settlement of Europe. Recent discoveries on a site of the Larnaca Salt Lake, at Hala Sultan Teke proved that the Neolithic man of Cyprus inhabited the area of the town, too. At the site of ancient Kition, several movable pieces of Neolithic equipment were also discovered. Excellent handmade pieces of the period, from the Larnaca area are exhibited at the Archaeological District Museum and at the Pierides Museum.

Chalcolithic
3,900 - 2,500 B.C.
This is the period that early human civilizations discovered the use of copper. In the Larnaca area, the most well known copper mines are at Troulli, Kalavasos and Shia villages, a short distance from Larnaca. Many findings of this period, especially those made of clay, decorate the museums mentioned above.

Bronze Era
2,500 - 1050 B.C.
The most populated part of the island during the Bronze Era in Cyprus is the Larnaca area. Archaeological findings proved life at Oroklini, Pyla, Livadia, Aradippou, Dromolaxia, Athienou villages and at the city of Kition - Larnaca. Larnaca became one of the first ports of Cyprus and continued to be so for about 4000 years. The trading of copper took place, as well as of other products of the island with other Mediterranean ports. Tombs in the city proved trade exchanges with Egypt since the year 2,000 B.C. Starting from the 13th century the town was known as “Kition” and its foundation myth goes back to the time of Noah and the great flood.

Genesis, the first Book of the Old Testament implies that the founder of Kitium was “KITIM”, the grandson of Noah, the son of Jovan (Ion), who was the father of all Greeks.

During the 2nd millennium B.C., the population of the town had trade exchanges with all civilizations of the area, mainly because Cyprus was the major copper-producer of the known world. In the Museums of the town there is rich evidence of contacts with Egypt, the Aegean, the Minoans of Crete, the Hittites and the civilizations of the Syro-Palestinian coast. During the second millennium B.C. the trade and religious connections of the town with the Pharaoh civilization were especially intense.

Geometric Period
1050 -750 B.C. 
Kition received the great Greek – Mycenean colonization in the 13th century B.C. and the Phoenician colonization in the 9th century B.C. Surviving architectural remains of the 12th century, are the cyclopean walls and of the 9th the temple of Astarte – Aphrodite, which was built in the same Phoenician architecture as the Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem, built in the same period and described in the Old Testament. These architectural remains can be visited at the site called “Ancient Kition”. Phoenician colonization connected the city with Tyre and for some time it was governed by Tyrian princesses. The name of this historical period in Cyprus is called Geometric because the decorating fashion on the locally produced pottery was mostly geometric.

Archaic Period
750 - 480 B.C.
After the Assyrian conquest which lasted from 709 - 670 B.C., the City Kingdom becomes autonomous again. It became very powerful too, and its commercial and battle navy were very important in the Eastern Mediterranean. Its power lasted until the Persian conquest of 546 B.C. The Persians allowed self-rule of the

Kingdom, which was in return obliged to have battle ships armed and ready for the Persians. Kition and Salamis were the first Kingdom to mint coinage. The ships of the town fought on the side of the Persians against Egypt and Greece, but the Persian Great King blamed the Cypriot crews, being mostly Greek, for

the defeat at the naval battle of Salamis (490 B.C.). They executed the king of Kition and established a new Phoenician dynasty, which lasted until 312 B.C. This new dynasty, with the support of the Persians, put under its control the nearby Kingdom of Idalion and later that of Tamassos. Judging from the temples and

statues found in the city, its favorite gods were Hercules - Melkart, who also appear on the city coinage, Aphrodite - Astarte, Zeus and Artemis – Diana.

Classical Period
480 - 310 B.C.
In the 5th and 4th centuries B.C. we know all the names of the Cypriot - Phoenician dynasty of Kings. They undertook a lot of public work in the city, including the port of this period, which was uncovered in today’s city centre in the early 1990’s in excellent condition by a French archaeological mission. The Athenian alliance attempted repeatedly to free Cyprus from Persian rule. The Athenian General Kimon died and was buried in Kition, according to historian Plutarchos (4th century) in Larnaca - Kition, on such an attempt in 449 B.C. and he is until now a hero of the town. His statue now decorates the Palm Trees Promenade of Larnaca. Alexander the Great defeated the Persians on all fronts at around 329 B.C. and Kition lived its last period as an autonomous City Kingdom. The famous sword of Alexander was a present by the king of Kition at their first encounter in Asia Minor in 332 B.C. This sword is now at the Vergina Tombs Museum near Salonica – Greece and bears the emblems of the 3 crowns of the city’s royal dynasty, namely Kition, Idalion and Tamassos Kingdom, which was bought by Kition in the mid 4th century. Idalion was occupied in the 5th century.

Hellenistic Period
310 - 30 B.C.
In the rivalry of Alexander’s generals over the rule of Cyprus, Ptolemy defeated Antigonus in 312 B.C. The victor punished the city because of its alliance with his rival Antigonus. Ptolemy demolished the cyclopean walls of the town, which were also protecting the port, and executed its last King. Kition lived and prospered in the Hellenistic times under the rule of the Ptolemaic Empire of Egypt. This is the time that Zeno of Kition and his Stoic Philosophy subsequently became the favorite of Greeks and Romans and eventually the major way of life in the Hellenistic and Roman world. Zeno’s copper statue in the town was confiscated by the Romans and was shipped to Rome with all the other treasures of the Ptolemaic State in Cyprus. The Roman statesman Kato, sent for the purpose to Cyprus says in his writings that he kept the statue for himself because he was a Stoic. Two statues of Zenon now decorate the city as he is considered the greatest Cypriot scholar of all times and the greatest son of Larnaca.

Roman Times
30 - 330 A.D.
Lazarus, the resurrected friend of Christ, lived the rest of his life in Roman Kition as its first Bishop (45 - 68 A.D.). According to St. Epiphanios, who wrote in the 4th century, Saint Lazarus found refuge in ancient Larnaca and Apostles Paul and Barnabas made him its first Bishop in the year 45 A.D. Saint Helena, the mother of Constantine the Great, passed through the area in 326 A.D. She discovered the Holy Cross in Jerusalem and on her way to Constantinople she stopped near Larnaca. One piece of the Holy Cross, she donated to the church of “Holy Cross” which she built on “Stavrovouni” the mountain overlooking Larnaca. This event marked the final Christianization of the town. An early Christian church devoted to Saint Lazarus was built in Larnaca in the 4-5th century A.D., on top of the grave of the Saint. A small part of his body is in the church until today.

Byzantine Period
330 - 1190 A.D.
Cyprus is now in the middle of Roman and Byzantine peace, with no armies on its land. But, the Arab Islamic attempt to occupy Cyprus interrupted Byzantine peace in Kition (Larnaca). The first Arab - Islamic attempt against Cyprus started at Kition in the year 649 A.D. The Hala Sultan Teke near the salt lake was founded by the Arabs to honor Um Haram, the holy helper and aunt of Mohamed. She escorted her husband and the significant Arab army, and died after a mule accident at the area, which is now her mosque. The burial of this holy woman at Hala Sultan Teke was ordered by the great Halif Moavia, and made this spot an important religious place for all Moslems. After 300 years of Arab raids, all early Christian momuments of Cyprus were destroyed, except for the famous mosaic of the 6th century A.D. at the Church of Angeloktisti at Kiti village. Following these raids, the Byzantines cleared the situation again in 961 A.D. A new Church of Saint Lazarus in Larnaca was built in 890 A.D. by Emperor Leo the Wise. Today it is the most important Byzantine monument surviving on the whole island. King Richard the Lionheart of England occupied Cyprus in 1190 during the 3rd crusade. He defeated Alexios Comnenous, the last Byzantine Cyprus ruler. His fleet anchored outside the city’s castle, which was founded a little earlier by the Byzantines. At Kition, Richard met Guy Luzignian, a French noble man from South France and powerful crusader leader, and from here transferred their armies to the Holy Land.

The Frankish Kingdom
1190 - 1486 A.D.
As King Richard could not rule Cyprus, he first sold it to the Knights of the Templar and then to his friend Guy Lusignian, who established a Frankish Kingdom on the island, which lasted until 1486. This is the

period that Kition is also called Salinas by the French. Salt was produced in large quantities and exported with the income going to the Royal Treasure. The Luzignian Kingdom of Cyprus had, as its capital, Nicosia and as its major port Famagusta. However, in 1373 the Luzignians lost Famagusta to the Genovese.

They recaptured Famagusta in 1464. So, for 90 years, Larnaca served the Kingdom as its major port and the King was obliged to upgrade the castle for its protection. In 1425 Larnaca experienced a devastation, inflicted by the invasion of the Mameluks of Egypt. In the battle at nearby Choirokitia, they captured King Janos, whom they sent to Egypt through the Larnaca port. 
Venetian Period
1489 - 1571 A.D.
In 1489, Katrina Cornaro, the last Luzignian Queen of Cyprus abdicated in favor of Venice, as she was of Venetian noble blood. The Venetians maximized the exploitation of the Larnaca salt, which they traded with great profit in the known world. They undertook protection works for the Larnaca salt lake. The Larnaca port became the busiest port of Cyprus, as the Venetians gave incentives for all Venetian ships to load salt from Larnaca. Salt provided a very great income to the Venetians. The Venetians established an early warning network of watchtowers around the Larnaca bay for the protection of the population against pirates and against the long expected Ottoman final attack. When this attack happened in 1570, they did not resist in Larnaca, but only in Nicosia and Famagusta and Kyrenia.

The Ottoman Rule

1571 - 1878 A.D.
Larnaca continued to be the most important port of Cyprus during Ottoman rule. The castle was reconstructed as it is today in 1625. All foreign Consuls were based in Larnaca and not in the capital Nicosia. The town was the most rich and modern town of Cyprus during all the Ottoman years. During the Greek revolution of 1821, Larnaca was the center of the Cypriot rebellion against Ottoman rule with the result that its Bishop was the first to be killed by the Turks, followed by many rich and influential merchants based in Larnaca. In 1748 Bekir Pashia, an Ottoman governor of Larnaca and then of the whole of Cyprus, built an aqueduct in Larnaca, which is one of the few public works of common use ever undertaken by the Ottoman Administration in Cyprus. The telegraph services, the Ottoman Bank and the Commercial Court of Justice were also based in Larnaca.

The English Rule 
1878 - 1960 A.D.
Larnaca peacefully received the British navy and army in 1878, when the Sultan submitted the island to Queen Victoria for her services in the Turko – Russian war. The British colonial style buildings of the Palm Tree Promenade and the pier of the Larnaca Marina were constructed a year after the British occupation to serve the import trade and the administration of the whole of Cyprus, as the town was still the most important city of the Island. In the early years of British rule, Larnaca became the place that the first newspapers of Cyprus were published and the main place of modernization on the island. The construction by the English of a new port in Famagusta and a railway connecting Famagusta with Nicosia in the 1930’s, were the main reasons for the decline of Larnaca, which in 1960 became the 4th city of Cyprus in terms of population and activity.

The Republic of Cyprus 
1960 - todayIndependence of the Island was earned in 1960 and the town had a mixed Greek and Turkish population. The new government constructed in Larnaca a new port and a Marina. In 1974 Turkey invaded Cyprus and Larnaca received thousands of forcefully displaced persons from the northern part and it lost all its Turkish inhabitants because of the ethnic cleansing policies of Turkey. The new airport was also constructed in Larnaca, as the Nicosia one is out of use due to its location on the separating line forcefully imposed on the island. Larnaca developed touristically in the early 1980’s and its population increased to 75 thousand. As

Cyprus became a member of the European Union on the 1st of May 2004, Larnaca with occupied Famagusta are now the easternmost cities of the E. U. Larnaca is also the 3rd largest town of Cyprus. It has a well-defined historical center with important museums, excellent shores for swimming and a good day and night life for all generations.
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